Effects of selected wastewater chlorination products and captan on marine algae by Harish C. Sikka

Cover of: Effects of selected wastewater chlorination products and captan on marine algae | Harish C. Sikka

Published by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Research Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Gulf Breeze, Fla, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Organochlorine compounds -- Toxicology.,
  • Marine algae.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Harish C. Sikka and Gary L. Butler.
SeriesEcological research series ; EPA-600/3-77-029
ContributionsButler, Gary L., Environmental Research Laboratory (Gulf Breeze, Fla.).
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 38 p. :
Number of Pages38
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15220111M

Download Effects of selected wastewater chlorination products and captan on marine algae

EFFECT OF SELECTED WASTEWATER CHLORINATION PRODUCTS ON MARINE ALGAE SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION Chlorination is a widely used practice for disinfecting municipal waste- waters or combined municipal-industrial wastes before they are discharged into receiving waters.

Effects of selected wastewater chlorination products and captan on marine algae [Harish C. Sikka] on wrcch2016.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying wrcch2016.com: Harish C. Sikka. Effects of selected wastewater chlorination products and captan on marine algae.

Gulf Breeze, Fla.: Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Springfield, Va.: for sale by the National Technical Information Service, AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION (APHA).Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater.

14th ed. ().Cited by: 3. Effects of selected wastewater chlorination products and captan on marine algae / By Harish C. Sikka, Gary L. Butler, Fla.) Environmental Research Laboratory (Gulf. Highlights Chlorination led to a leaky membrane but no change in cell morphology. Chlorination caused no variation in the surface charge of algae and flocs.

Importance of released intracellular organics in the effect of Cl 2 on algae removal. Chlorine dose affected the level and nature of released intracellular organics.

Algae removal positively correlated with K + release, Al dose, and Al Cited by: Oct 01,  · The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of Br − and I − on the formation and speciation of regulated THMs and HAAs, unregulated iodinated THMs (I-THMs), HALs, HANs, HKs, and HNMs, and total organic halogen (TOX) during chlorination of AOM derived from three freshwater and marine wrcch2016.com by: The Oilgae Guide to Algae-based Wastewater Treatment was prepared by Oilgae (wrcch2016.com) as a response to the tremendous need in the market for a detailed resource that provides a compendium of practical data, insights and case studies for algae-based wastewater treatment efforts worldwide.

Several studies have shown that chlorination will kill algae. The focus of most of these studies has been on the impact that algae have on the chlorine demand of plant effluents.

In these studies, the chlorine doses used have been large ( mg/L) and the contact periods short (15 min to 2h), conditions under which algae are killed and lyse. Effect of bromide on the formation of disinfection by-products during wastewater chlorination Article in Water Research 43(9) · March with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Effect of wastewater chlorination on endocrine disruptor removal Article in Water Science & Technology 67(7) · April with 61 Reads How we measure 'reads'. The residual effect of UV radiation was studied using M. aeruginosa and E.

coli as test species. The axenic culture of blue–green algae M. aeruginosa was obtained from the National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan and was then grown in standard culture media. Effects of selected wastewater chlorination products and captan on marine algae.

Corvallis, OR: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA/ Smock LA, Stoneburner DL, Clark JR. The toxic effects of trinitrotoluene (TNT) and its primary degradation products on two species of algae and the fathead minnow. Chlorine disinfection by-products in wastewater effluent: Bioassay-based assessment of toxicological impact Article in Water Research 46(18) · August with Reads How we measure.

Unchlorinated domestic sewage was found to be a relatively weak inhibitor of external fertilization in 3 marine invertebrates. Chlorinated sewage was a potent spermicide, active in inhibiting fertilization in concentrations of available chlorine as low as ppm. Sodium hypochlorite in seawater duplicated the effect, and excess sodium thiosulfate terminated it.

The possibility of chlorine Cited by: Prechlorination is used to control odor, which is mostly associated with hydrogen sulfide in the influent wastewater. Effects of selected wastewater chlorination products and captan on marine algae book Intermediate chlorination is used to control the undesirable growth of filamentous microorganisms, by applying chlorine to return sludge.

Chlorine can also be used to control algae growth on clarifier weirs and wastewater wrcch2016.com: Arumugam Sathasivan, Bhagya S Herath, Lalantha Senevirathna, George Kastl. May 03,  · Thus, anaerobic digestion is likely to be the near-term, appropriate use of algae biomass at wastewater treatment plants.

However, algae typically yield less methane than wastewater sludge (∼ vs. L CH4/g volatile solids introduced). Ammonia toxicity and recalcitrant cell walls are commonly cited causes of the lower wrcch2016.com by: Chlorine, the most widely used disinfectant for municipal wastewater, destroys target organisms by oxidation of cellular material.

It may be applied as chlorine gas, hypochlo- rite solutions, and other chlorine compounds in solid or liquid form. Like chlorine, ozone is a strong oxidizing agent. Thus, anaerobic digestion is likely to be the near-term, appropriate use of algae biomass at wastewater treatment plants.

However, algae typically yield less methane than wastewater sludge (∼ vs. L CH4/g volatile solids introduced). Ammonia toxicity and recalcitrant cell walls are commonly cited causes of the lower wrcch2016.com by: Apr 02,  · In one of the first studies to examine the potential for using municipal wastewater as a feedstock for algae-based biofuels, scientists found they could grow high-value strains of oil-rich algae while simultaneously removing more than 90 percent of nitrates and more than 50 percent of phosphorous from wastewater.

Effects of operating conditions on THMs and HAAs formation during wastewater chlorination Article in Journal of hazardous materials () · April with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Triclosan (TCS) is an antimicrobial compound being increasingly used in personal care products (PCPs) over the last 40years, and as a result is present in wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents.

Kolkwitz listed 61 diatoms, 42 green algae, 41 pigmented flagellates, 23 blue-green algae, and 5 red algae as organisms of oligosaprobic and /or unpolluted zones and Lackey found 77 species of planktonic algae in the clean water portion of a small stream, 40 of which were absent in the polluted area[15,16].Cited by: The data base covers hazards and consequences related to onsite use and transportation of the disinfectants and ultimate disposal of disinfected effluents.

A major segment of the data base deals with the effects of chlorination products in aquatic ecosystems. Chlorine Shock Treatment For Slime and Algae Control CAPITAL CONTROLS Slime, algae and other forms of aquatic life, if allowed to grow and thrive unchecked can greatly reduce the efficiency of watercooling systems.

Over the years, control of these growths has been successfully accomplished by chlorination. Under certain circumstances the continuous. However, the pre-chlorination treatment for raw water has been proved to increase the dissolved organic carbon concentration due to the lysis of algae cells and disinfection by-products formation.

The impact of water treatment processes on disinfection by-products formation remains complex and variable, as demonstrated by recent literature. This situation continues to persist; most of the present marine research, to be discussed later, is oriented to the intermittent effects of power plant chlorination or is conducted under laboratory conditions with clean dilution water rather than with chlorinated wastewater effluent itself.

Algae Control Methods Compared: The Importance of Successful Algae Control for Facilities with UV Disinfection Contributors: David Drobiak Superintendent of Jewett City WWTP, Joseph Nestico CT DEP and Shawna Gill, D.C. of wrcch2016.com, Inc. Problem: In Connecticut, with the change over to UV from Chlorination for disinfection at some of.

This chapter elucidates the technologies of biological and chemical wastewater treatment processes. The presented biological wastewater treatment processes include: (1) bioremediation of wastewater that includes aerobic treatment (oxidation ponds, aeration lagoons, aerobic bioreactors, activated sludge, percolating or trickling filters, biological filters, rotating biological contactors Cited by: algae and HA in trihalomethanes (THMs) formation was demonstrated.

The effects of Chl (a) concentration, HA concentration, Cl2 dose and pH of water on formation potential of THMs were investigated. The results showed that the yield of all DBPs were higher upon the chlorination of Scenedesmus obliquus and HA than in case of. Sep 06,  · ALGAE AND WATER POLLUTION However, certain algae grown up in water polluted with organic wastes play an important part in “self-purification of water bodies”.

Some pollution algae may be toxic to fish, human and animals using polluted water. In fact, algae can play significant part of food chain of aquatic life, thus whatever alters the. The effects of air and vacuum pockets present in a liquid piping system can negatively impact not only pump, meter, and control valve operation but can also be responsible for pipeline breaks and collapses.

Choosing and installing the correct air valve is critical to all liquid piping systems. This manual provides essential information for.

Reclaimed or recycled water (also called wastewater reuse or water reclamation) is the process of converting wastewater into water that can be reused for other purposes. Reuse may include irrigation of gardens and agricultural fields or replenishing surface water and groundwater (i.e., groundwater recharge).Reused water may also be directed toward fulfilling certain needs in residences (e.g.

Algae have also been deployed for low cost and environmentally friendly wastewater treatment [49–51]. The idea of coupling of wastewater as a medium for biofuel production from algae is not innovative, as it was previously suggested in report of the Aquatic Species Program (ASP) conducted from toU.S.A.

The main constraint for Cited by: Treatment in a wastewater stabilization pond (WSP) relies on natural purification processes, which can be sensitive to both location and climate. This study investigated the effects of three environmental factors, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO) and temperature, on disinfection efficiency in a WSP system consisting of three facultative cells, and operated in a temperate climate region, in Eastern Cited by: characterization and cultivation of microalgae for wastewater treatment Index Terms— microalgae, wastewater, bioenergy, photobioreactor, TBP wastewater, marine environment and desert environment and under all the conditions [5].

marine algae exist in two forms: some of them, which are. Effects of Chlorinated Organics from Wastewater Treatment on Algal Growth Milagros S. Simmons and Komol Sivaborvorn 1 Department of Environmental and Industrial Health, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Chlorinated organic compounds result from chlorination treatment of wastewater. Jan 05,  · Wastewater use in algae production for generation of renewable resources: a review and preliminary results but the associated costs can sometimes exceed the value of the final algae products.

In this study, wastewater use for algae production is reviewed, particularly for renewable energy generation. Cited by: Certain marine algae produce potent toxins that impact human health through the consumption of contaminated shellfish and finfish and through water or aerosol exposure.

Over the past three decades, the frequency and global distribution of toxic algal incidents appear to have increased, and human intoxications from novel algal sources have wrcch2016.com by: TABLES No.

Page 1 Analysis of Chlorophyl-a and Productivity Data Collected from Intake and Discharge for Both Chlorination and Non-Chlorination Operational Modes 2 The Toxicity of Chlorine to Selected Species of Marine Phytoplankton H 3 The Post Exposure 48 Hour Growth Rates of Thalassiosira pseudonana 13 4 The Acute Toxicity of Estuarine Copepods and Fish Larvae to.

Algae-based Wastewater Treatment. Compiled by a diverse team of experts, with experience in scientific and industrial fields, the Comprehensive Report for Wastewater Treatment Using Algae is the first report that provides in-depth analysis and insights on this important field.Algae for.

Wastewater. Treatment Workshop Proceedings October 23rd, Renaissance Glendale Hotel & Spa. Glendale, AZ. The Water Environment Federation (WEF), AZ Water Association (AZ Water), and the Algae Biomass Organization.May 06,  · Sustainable, clean, renewable energy without negotiating contiguous environment is a challenging task mainly comprises of natural resource management which involves operational efficiency, waste minimisation and energy recovery.

Disposal of untreated industrial wastewater with chemical nutrients especially compounds containing nitrogen and phosphorous lead to eutrophication and Cited by:

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